Pain on Top of Foot
The feet are very vital components of the human body without which life would be very difficult. There are many conditions that affect the foot; some are extremely painful and debilitating while others are mild. When it comes to foot conditions, one of the most common symptoms is pain on top of foot.
What is pain on top of foot?
Pain on top of foot simply refers to the pain that one feels on the upper part of the foot. Usually when a person walks, the foot is curved upwards; this in fact is what allows the leg and consequently the entire body to move. It therefore follows that if there is pain on top of the foot, walking might be rendered difficult and painful.
The ease or difficulty with which one can walk will depend on the severity of the condition. As mentioned if the pain is felt on the upper side of the foot, this means that the problem can either affect the tendons, the bones or the surrounding nerves.
Causes of pain on top of foot
The next important issue to look into is the cause of this particular condition. Pain on top of foot is not caused by a single ailment, in fact there are a plethora of causes with one of the most common being tendonitis. Again tendonitis has quite a number of causes including tight calf muscles and overusing the tendons located on top of the foot. In addition to causing pain, tendonitis may also cause swollen feet and ankles.
Fractures are also responsible for pain on top of the foot. Fractures are caused by trauma to the bones located on the top side of the foot. This could be as a result of a heavy object falling on the foot or being hit by a solid object among others. Another common cause of this kind of pain is tarsal tunnel syndrome – a condition where the posterior tibial nerve becomes entrapped. Tarsal tunnel syndrome can also cause numbness and a tingling sensation. Other causes of pain on top of foot include arthritis, improper footwear, sports injuries, ingrown toe nail and Morton’s Neuroma (nerve thickening).
Treatment options for pain on top of foot
So how exactly can a person deal with this particular condition? In order to effectively treat pain on top of foot, one must first understand the root causes, most of which have been mentioned above. The first thing one can do before seeking medical attention is taking pain killers; this should however be done moderately.
Pain caused by fractures can be treated by resting the foot until it completely heals. Crutches might also be necessary when moving from one place to another. If the foot and ankle are swollen, an ice pack might prove effective in relieving pain. For tarsal tunnel syndrome, a cortisone injection might be given so as to provide relief to the affected nerve and surrounding tissue.
Common exercises for pain on top of foot
Medication is not the only way of dealing with pain on top of foot; there are exercises that can also help bring healing. A common work out is the heel raise which can be done when seated or standing. The idea here is to raise the legs repeatedly so as to work out the calf muscles and consequently strengthen them.
Moderate aerobic exercises are also recommended in order to disperse pain. A few examples of such include: running on the treadmill, ascending a flight of stairs and jogging on the spot.
How to prevent pain on top of foot
Women can reduce their chances of suffering from pain on top of foot by significantly reducing the frequency with which they wear high-heel shoes. Doing so will also save them from chronic heel pain. Exercise is good but it should not be over-done as this can cause undue strain on the tendons.
Nails should be evenly trimmed to prevent the ingrown nail problem. When buying footwear, it is important to ensure that they fit comfortably and that they are used for the purpose they are meant for.
Pain on top of foot surgery
There are cases where surgery might be required in order to treat pain on top of foot. A good example is a case where one is suffering from tarsal tunnel syndrome. The aim of surgery here will be to locate and release the entrapped nerve.
Surgery may also be required if a tumor is the cause of the problem. Generally surgery is used as a last resort and in severe cases. One should therefore proceed with the same only if the doctor recommends it and not as a preference.
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