Numbness and Pain on Top of Foot – What you Need to Know
When pain on the foot occurs, it usually causes walking to be painfully unbearable and is often a great frustration for a lot of people. This pain is very common especially for people who do heavy duties. Most of them would say it’s annoying at times even though they try to neglect the pain. The very first step to successful treatment and to be able to get back to your normal routine is to get to know the underlying cause of foot pain. The feet are considered to be a delicate structure, but they carry the whole weight of the body as well as keep it balanced constantly. Professional consultation if you have a stress fracture in foot.
What is Pain on Top of Foot?
Pain on top of foot is a general term that is utilized by patients to describe the pain or numbness felt on the top surface of the foot. This is also a common injury among sports-minded people especially the runners. Usually, it is a sharp pain that is felt around the second metatarsal which can be found in line with the second toe or can be around either on the third or fourth metatarsal. This could be the result of a stress fracture in foot
Causes of Numbness and Pain on Top of Foot
The primary cause of pain on top of foot is excessive pronation or in other words, the turning inward of the foot. Though there are some pronations that occur naturally and needed as it aids the foot to be able to adapt to uneven ground conditions. Over pronation happens when the arch flattens and collapses while on the other hand the soft tissues stretch. Due to this, the joints will become too flexible and loose risking stress fracture in foot, when in fact they should be stable all the time.
Other causes include tendonitis, stress fracture, plantar fasciitis, neuroma, tarsal tunnel syndrome and arthritis. Tendonitis happens when the tendons become inflamed for a variety of reasons. Stress fracture when a fracture of a bone is due to repeated mechanical stress. Plantar fasciitis is a painful inflammatory process of the plantar fascia while Neuroma is a tumor or growth of the nerve tissues. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a type of nerve entrapment and treatment of this usually starts with identifying the underlying cause which can be swollen feet and ankles. Lastly, Arthritis is a painful stiffness and inflammation of the joints.
Treatment Options for Pain on Top of Foot
Basically, there are a number of things that you can do in order to treat the pain on top of foot. Your very first step should be consulting a foot specialist or a podiatrist. Remember that treatment should always be based on the cause, as well as the severity of the pain. Most food doctors would often make use of the RICE method in order to relieve the pain. RICE stands for Rest, Ice which is applied for about 20 minutes on the affected area, Compression and Elevation.
Other treatment options may include over-the-counter medicines such as aspirin, Tylenol, naproxen and ibuprofen to lower pain and discomfort, shoe inserts, switching foot wear, limiting daily activities, make use of strapping or paddings and for more serious cases, for example a stress fracture in foot, may require going undergoing surgery.
Common Exercises for Pain on Top of Foot
You can do a variety of exercise to relieve from numbness in feet and pain on top of foot and trade your days of running for cycling, swimming and yoga. A thorough calf stretching regimen is also recommended to reduce its effects of flattening the foot. Also, keep up the circulation in your feet by stretching them out for a few times every day. No exercise should be taken without professional consultation if you have a stress fracture in foot.
How to Prevent Pain on Top of Foot
You can be able to lessen your chances of occurring pain on top of foot by implementing a little change into your training program. Start by avoiding doing the same exercise every day and instead incorporate a much lower intensity cross-training exercises in order to lessen the impact stress done to the feet.
It is also important to take into consideration your foot type; if ever you over pronate, make sure to use proper footwear. When thinking of increasing the load or tempo of a certain training plan, do it much slowly as well as maintain the sessions short in duration. Lastly, cut down on the sizes of your heels. If the heels are too high, though the style is great, your feet will just suffer from heel pain and numbness in feet afterward.
Pain on Top of Foot Surgery
Pain on top of foot can also be managed by going through surgery like in cases of severe tendonitis and stress fractures. Furthermore, rest assured that there are supportive techniques like splinting and casting after surgery is done. However, the most vital thing to do before anything else is to consult a doctor and obtain an accurate diagnosis.
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Numbness, Stress Fracture and Pain on Top of Foot – What you Need to Know
written by: honeycamille
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Relief
Pain on Top of Foot
The feet are very vital components of the human body without which life would be very difficult. There are many conditions that affect the foot; some are extremely painful and debilitating while others are mild. When it comes to foot conditions, one of the most common symptoms is pain on top of foot.
What is pain on top of foot?
Pain on top of foot simply refers to the pain that one feels on the upper part of the foot. Usually when a person walks, the foot is curved upwards; this in fact is what allows the leg and consequently the entire body to move. It therefore follows that if there is pain on top of the foot, walking might be rendered difficult and painful.
The ease or difficulty with which one can walk will depend on the severity of the condition. As mentioned if the pain is felt on the upper side of the foot, this means that the problem can either affect the tendons, the bones or the surrounding nerves.
Causes of pain on top of foot
The next important issue to look into is the cause of this particular condition. Pain on top of foot is not caused by a single ailment, in fact there are a plethora of causes with one of the most common being tendonitis. Again tendonitis has quite a number of causes including tight calf muscles and overusing the tendons located on top of the foot. In addition to causing pain, tendonitis may also cause swollen feet and ankles.
Fractures are also responsible for pain on top of the foot. Fractures are caused by trauma to the bones located on the top side of the foot. This could be as a result of a heavy object falling on the foot or being hit by a solid object among others. Another common cause of this kind of pain is tarsal tunnel syndrome – a condition where the posterior tibial nerve becomes entrapped. Tarsal tunnel syndrome can also cause numbness and a tingling sensation. Other causes of pain on top of foot include arthritis, improper footwear, sports injuries, ingrown toe nail and Morton’s Neuroma (nerve thickening).
Treatment options for pain on top of foot
So how exactly can a person deal with this particular condition? In order to effectively treat pain on top of foot, one must first understand the root causes, most of which have been mentioned above. The first thing one can do before seeking medical attention is taking pain killers; this should however be done moderately.
Pain caused by fractures can be treated by resting the foot until it completely heals. Crutches might also be necessary when moving from one place to another. If the foot and ankle are swollen, an ice pack might prove effective in relieving pain. For tarsal tunnel syndrome, a cortisone injection might be given so as to provide relief to the affected nerve and surrounding tissue.
Common exercises for pain on top of foot
Medication is not the only way of dealing with pain on top of foot; there are exercises that can also help bring healing. A common work out is the heel raise which can be done when seated or standing. The idea here is to raise the legs repeatedly so as to work out the calf muscles and consequently strengthen them.
Moderate aerobic exercises are also recommended in order to disperse pain. A few examples of such include: running on the treadmill, ascending a flight of stairs and jogging on the spot.
How to prevent pain on top of foot
Women can reduce their chances of suffering from pain on top of foot by significantly reducing the frequency with which they wear high-heel shoes. Doing so will also save them from chronic heel pain. Exercise is good but it should not be over-done as this can cause undue strain on the tendons.
Nails should be evenly trimmed to prevent the ingrown nail problem. When buying footwear, it is important to ensure that they fit comfortably and that they are used for the purpose they are meant for.
Pain on top of foot surgery
There are cases where surgery might be required in order to treat pain on top of foot. A good example is a case where one is suffering from tarsal tunnel syndrome. The aim of surgery here will be to locate and release the entrapped nerve.
Surgery may also be required if a tumor is the cause of the problem. Generally surgery is used as a last resort and in severe cases. One should therefore proceed with the same only if the doctor recommends it and not as a preference.
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